Improved Configuration and Process for Shift Conversion
The inventors discovered that a significant portion of steam in hydrogen production from syngas (and other gases with relatively high CO to H2 ratio) is utilized for temperature control in the shift reactors. Therefore, it is contemplated that the overall steam demand can be significantly lowered by splitting the feed stream in a first and second portion, wherein the first portion is fed to a first shift reactor to form a product that is then combined with the second portion prior to entering a second shift reactor.
A differential vapor pressure (DVP) cell (150) is disposed in a divided wall column (100) that receives a feed comprising a first (102A), second (102B), and third (102C) component. A separation section (120) on the feed side of the divided wall column separates the feed in a vapor comprising the first and second component, and a liquid comprising the second and third component. The DVP cell is disposed in the divided wall column at a level below the point where the feed enters the column, and the DVP cell measures the concentration of the first component.
High Pressure Gas Processing Configurations and Methods
Contemplated plants comprise an acid gas removal unit (102) that receives a compressed gas from an injection gas compressor (107), wherein acid gas is removed from the compressed gas in the acid gas removal unit (102) at a pressure of about of above pipeline pressure.
Twin Reflux Process and Configurations for Improved Natural Gas Liquids Recovery
A two-column NGL recovery plant includes an absorber (110) and a distillation colunm (140) in which the absorber (110) receives two cooled reflux streams, wherein one reflux stream (107) comprises a vapor portion of the NGL and wherein the other reflux stream (146) comprises a lean reflux provided by the overhead (144) of the distillation colunm (140). Contemplat configurations are especially advantageous in a upgrade of an existing NGL plant and typically exhibit C3 recovery of at least 99% and C2 recovery of at least 90%.
Catalysed Acylation of Alkylated Benzene Derivatives
An ecofriendly process for acylation ofan alkylated benzene derivative has increased selectively towards para position and comprises a step of reacting the alkylated benzene derivative with an acylating agent in the presence of nitrobenzene, dichlorobenze, dimethylsulfolane, and/or benzotrile, and a crystalline alumino silicate catalyst having general formula M2/nO.Al2O3.xSiO2.wH2O, wherein M is an alkali cation, a rare earth cation, and/or a proton, wherein the Si/AI ratio is in the range of 5.5 to 20, wherein the step of reacting is performed at temperature between 80° to 140° C. for 5 to 25 hours. In a further step, the solid catalyst is separated from the reaction mixture of step, and in yet another step, the acylated alkyl benzene derivative is separated from the mixture.
Process for Preparation of Ring-Substituted 8-Aminoquinoline Analogs as Antimalarial Agents
The present invention is concerned with the development of novel 8-aminoquinoline analogs in the treatment and prevention of malaria and the said compound has broad spectrum of activity against the blood as well as tissue stages of the human malaria parasites makes these compounds very attractive in the cure and prevention of malaria caused by drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant strains and also it is expected that development of these compounds as ideal antimalarial agents may lead to suppression as well as radical cure of the malaria infection with single drug therapy.
Process for Dissolving Salts in 1,2-Dichloroethane Using Ultrasound and a Device for Carrying Out Said Process
The invention relates to a process and a device for the dissolution of salt that is hardly soluble, especially sodium chloride and other poorly soluble salts in 1,2 dichloroethane, which primarily are to be used in direct chlorination plants for the production of 1,2 dichloroethane. This aim is achieved by mounting an ultrasonic transducer (sonotrode) in the dissolution chamber which is filled with a suspension of salt crystals and 1,2 dichloroethane. The suspension is sent through a filter upon dissolution of the salt.
Novel procedures for obtaining ribo-C-nucleosides, including especially 2-ß-D-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxylamide (tiazofirin) and 2-ß-D-ribofuranosylselenazole-4-carboxylamide (sylenazofurin) and synthesis intermediates thereof. The novel procedures involve introducing a cyano group at the 1' position of a ribose, directly or indirectly converting the cyano group to HN=C--OR1 or thicarboxylamide wherein R1 is a lower alkyl, forming the group which substituted for the cyano group into a heterocyclic ring containing an ester, and converting the ester into an amide.
Chimeric polymer compositions and methods are provided in which a plurality of carbohydrate moieties and amino acids form the backbone of a polymer. Most preferably, the polymer includes alternating saccharide and peptide portions to form the chimeric polymer.
The adhesion of low k poly(arylene ether) dielectric coating compositions is effectively enhanced by a polycarbosilane promoter additive or primer. A coating composition is prepared by (a) providing a poly(arylene ether) composition; and (b) adding to said composition a small effective adhesion promoting amount of certain polycarbosilanes. The adhesion enhanced coating compositions are cured by heat treatment at temperatures in excess of 50° C. to form a polycarbosilane-modified poly(arylene ether) polymer composition having a low k dielectric constant for use in semiconductor devices.
Low Dielectric Constant Organic Dielectrics Based on Cage-like Structures
A low dielectric constant material has a first backbone with an aromatic moiety and a first reactive group, and a second backbone with an aromatic moiety and a second reactive group, wherein the first and second backbones are crosslinked via the first and second reactive groups in a crosslinking reaction without an additional crosslinker, and wherein a cage structure having at least 10 atoms is covalently bound to at least one of the first and second backbone.
Compositions and Methods for Thermosetting Molecules in Organic Compositions
In a method of producing a low dielectric constant polymer, a thermosetting monomer is provided, wherein the thermosetting monomer has a cage compound or aryl core structure, and a plurality of arms that are covalently bound to the cage compound or core structure. In a subsequent step, the thermosetting monomer is incorporated into a polymer to form the low dielectric constant polymer, wherein the incorporation into the polymer comprises a chemical reaction of a triple bond that is located in at least one of the arms. Contemplated cage compounds and core structures include adamantane, diamantane, silicon, a phenyl group and a sexiphenylene group, while preferred arms include an arylene, a branched arylene, and an arylene ether. The thermosetting monomers may advantageously be employed to produce low-k dielectric material in electronic devices, and the dielectric constant of the polymer can be controlled by varying the overall length of the arms.